Membranes for gas separation
To make an efficient CO2/ CH4 separation possible, the impurities must first be removed. One of the most important techniques for doing this is the use of activated carbon that absorbs undesirable substances. The membranes separate the two major gas components: CH4 and CO2. The separation is accomplished through the pressure difference over the membrane surface.

The high-pressure biogas is fed into the membrane and the CO2 passes through the membrane surface to the permeate - the low-pressure side - much quicker than CH4. The membranes are mainly pressure-driven, so the higher the pressure the more CO2 will pass through the membrane surface.

The discharge from the membrane (the retentate) contains mainly CH4 as the CO2 has been pushed through the membrane surface. The CO2-rich gas will leave the membrane on the low-pressure side of the membrane (permeate).

Multistage solutions
Pentair provides a two-stage membrane system together with a cryogenic system. This system provides two valuable products: biomethane and 100 % liquid CO2.


BENEFITS
  • No additional chemical or operating media
  • Energy-efficient separation of CH4 from CO2 
  • Separation at ambient temperatures 
  • Continuous separation process 
  • No heat requirement
  • Compact modular design, flexible and easily expanded
  • Cost-efficient for smaller capacities
  • Cost-efficient removal of CO2

Benefits

  • No additional chemical or operating media
  • Energy-efficient separation of CH4 from CO2
  • Separation at ambient temperatures
  • Continuous separation process
  • No heat requirement
  • Compact modular design, flexible and easily expanded
  • Cost-efficient for smaller capacities
  • Cost-efficient removal of CO2
Biogas-scheme-membrane